Fast Element AccessΒΆ

Historically, OpenCV provided many different ways to access image and matrix elements, and none of them was both fast and convenient. With the new data structures, OpenCV 2.x introduces a few more alternatives, hopefully more convenient than before. For detailed description of the operations, please, check Mat and description. Here is part of the retro-photo-styling example rewritten (in simplified form) using the element access operations:

// split the image into separate color planes
vector<Mat> planes;
split(img_yuv, planes);

// method 1. process Y plane using an iterator
MatIterator_<uchar> it = planes[0].begin<uchar>(),
                    it_end = planes[0].end<uchar>();
for(; it != it_end; ++it)
    double v = *it*1.7 + rand()
    *it = saturate_cast<uchar>(v*v/255.);

// method 2. process the first chroma plane using pre-stored row pointer.
// method 3. process the second chroma plane using
//           individual element access operations
for( int y = 0; y < img_yuv.rows; y++ )
    uchar* Uptr = planes[1].ptr<uchar>(y);
    for( int x = 0; x < img_yuv.cols; x++ )
        Uptr[x] = saturate_cast<uchar>((Uptr[x]-128)/2 + 128);
        uchar& Vxy = planes[2].at<uchar>(y, x);
        Vxy = saturate_cast<uchar>((Vxy-128)/2 + 128);

merge(planes, img_yuv);

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